They have evolved - along with cells - under the conditions found on Earth, and satisfy the metabolic requirements of an extensive range of cells.
Enzymes are catalysts
As catalysts, enzymes speed up the rate of reaction in cells. When used for industrial applications, they can speed up production processes, usually at a lower cost than chemicals. One example is how they enable the quick and complete breakdown of starch into sugars in ethanol production.
Enzymes are highly specific both in the reaction catalyzed and the substrate it binds with. An enzyme usually catalyzes only one specific chemical reaction or a number of closely related reactions. Enzymes accelerate chemical reactions but undergo no permanent change themselves. Once their job is finished the enzymes become inactive. Enzymes are not living: they are proteins extracted from microorganisms.
Enzymes help in biofuel production
Novozymes produces enzymes that optimize the conversion of grains such as corn, barley, wheat and rye into fuel ethanol, plus enzymes that assist the conversion of biomass for cellulosic ethanol. Our solutions give higher ethanol yields, faster throughput and lower overall processing costs.
Added to our unique enzyme solutions, we offer unmatched technical expertise and a constant focus on advancing the industry with important bioinnovations. We can help you move into the fast lane of ethanol production.